Lina Khatib is a Senior Research Associate with the Arab Reform Initiative. Previously she was the Director of the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut and the co-founding head of the Program on Arab Reform and Democracy at Stanford University. Her research interests include the international relations of the Middle East, Islamist groups (especially in Syria), political transitions, and foreign policy. She has also published widely on public diplomacy, political communication, and political participation in the Middle East. She is also a Research Associate at SOAS, University of London.