Giovanna Melandri is President of the Fondazione MAXXI based in Rome. She was a Member of the Italian Parliament for 18 years (1994-2012) and held the positions of Minister for Culture (1998-2001) and Minister for Youth and Sport (2006-2008). Before entering politics, she worked for five years for Montedison, one of the largest industrial companies in Italy. She has a degree in Economics. She has also been a member of the Italian parliamentary delegation to the Council of Europe and to the Western European Union, and as Minister for Culture and Minister for Youth and Sport, she represented Italy within the EU Council of Ministers and at the Council of Europe. She is the author of many articles and publications on environment, culture, social and international affairs.